Biblical and Theological Studies Faculty Publications

Title

The Deliverer from Zion: The Source(s) and Function of Paul's Citation in Romans 11 :26- 27

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2008

Journal Title

Tyndale Bulletin

Volume

59

Issue

1

First Page

119

Last Page

134

Abstract

This article argues that Paul's Old Testament citation in Romans 11:26-27 includes Isaiah 59:20-21, 27:9, and 2:3. For Paul, Christ's first advent inaugurates the fulfilment of these Isaianic prophecies; therefore, the salvation of 'all Israel' is not an exclusively future reality. The theme of Gentile blessing also accompanies these prophecies. Therefore, Paul expects that Gentile inclusion is part of the fulfilment of the promises to Israel. The implications of this argument are that the majority position of 'all Israel' in v. 26 as a reference to the future salvation of ethnic national Israel is untenable and that the emphasis on Gentile inclusion found earlier in Romans continues throughout the epistle.

Keywords

Saint Paul, theology, soteriology, Bible, Bible, New Testament, quotations from Old Testament, Gentiles in the New Testament