Engineering and Computer Science Faculty Publications

Title

A Flow Intensification Model for Granular Filter Applications

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

3-2010

Journal Title

Advanced Powder Technology

Volume

21

Issue

2

First Page

180

Last Page

186

Abstract

A flow intensification model was proposed for calculation of the initial collector efficiency of a granular filter. In this model, the flow acceleration within voids of granular media is taken into account with an intensification factor β. Simple physical argument gives an estimation of β, which should be close to 1/ɛ. Creeping flow is assumed and Happel model is used to represent the granular media. After obtaining the flow field, the initial collector efficiency η0 is calculated from trajectory analysis and compared with experimental data. The reasonably good agreement between the theory and experiments suggests that the current model is physically plausible and potentially useful for granular filter performance prediction if further theoretical development is implemented.

Keywords

Granular filtration, Flow intensification, Modeling, Deposition