Engineering and Computer Science Faculty Publications

Title

Application of a CMAC Neural Network to the Control of a Parallel Hybrid-Electric Propulsion System for a Small Unmanned Aerial Vehicle

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date

7-31-2005

Journal Title

Proceedings of the International Joint Conference on Neural Networks

Volume

1

First Page

355

Last Page

360

DOI

10.1109/IJCNN.2005.1555856

Abstract

Optimizing and controlling the energy use of a hybrid-electric propulsion system is difficult due to the interaction of nonlinear mechanical, thermodynamic, and electromechanical devices. An optimization routine for the energy use of a parallel hybrid-electric propulsion system for a small unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), the application of a cerebellar model arithmetic computer (CMAC) neural network toapproximate the optimization results and control the hybrid-electric system, and simulation results are presented. The small hybrid-electric UAV is intended for military and homeland security missions involving intelligence, surveillance, or reconnaissance (ISR). The flexible optimization routine allows relative importance to be assigned between the use of gasoline, electricity, and recharging. The CMACcontroller saves on the required memory compared to a look-up table by two orders of magnitude. Thehybrid-electric UAV with the CMAC controller uses 37.8% less energy than a two-stroke gasoline-powered UAV during a three-hour ISR mission.

Keywords

UAV, unmanned aerial vehicle, propulsion