Engineering and Computer Science Faculty Publications

Title

A Proportional Drive for Discontinuous Mode DC-to-DC Converters

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date

1984

Journal Title

Proceedings of the IEEE International Telecommunications Energy Conference

First Page

352

Last Page

358

DOI

10.1109/INTLEC.1984.4794150

Abstract

A conceptually simple and easy to design scheme to provide proportional base drive currents to bipolar-junction-transistors (BJT) used as power switches in switch mode power supplies (SMPS) is presented. The technique is presently restricted to use with SMPS which have magnetics designed to operate in discontinuous mode. This proportional inductance drive (PID) is so named to describe the circuitry used for implementation. The PID provides three important base drive functions in one simplecircuit. It provides forward base current proportional to collector current during on time. It provides reverse base current proportional to collector current during storage time. It provides reverse bias clamping for base-emitter voltage. All three functions are performed by one simple magnetic circuitwhich is easily driven by most of the commercially available PWM control chips.

Keywords

Circuits, clamps, DC-DC power converters, drives, inductance, magnetics, pulse width modulation, switched-mode power supply, switches, voltage