Pharmacy Practice Faculty Publications

Title

Impact of Atrial Fibrillation on Mortality and Readmission in Older Adults Hospitalized with Heart Failure

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

6-2004

Journal Title

European Journal of Heart Failure

ISSN

1388-9842

Volume

6

Issue

4

First Page

421

Last Page

426

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejheart.2003.11.011

PubMed ID

15182766

Abstract

Background: Atrial fibrillation is common in older adults with heart failure. It is known to adversely affect outcomes. Aim: To examine the associations of atrial fibrillation with 4-year mortality and 30-day readmission in older adults hospitalized with heart failure. Methods: Patients were Medicare beneficiaries 65 years of age and older discharged with a primary diagnosis of heart failure. Baseline data were obtained by retrospective chart reviews and data on mortality and readmission were obtained from Medicare administrative files. Presence of atrial fibrillation was confirmed using electrocardiogram during hospital admission. Using Cox proportional hazards models we estimated bivariate and multivariable (adjusted for various patient and care covariates) hazards ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for 4-year mortality and 30-day readmission of patients with atrial fibrillation compared with those without. Results: Patients (n=944) had a mean age (±S.D.) of 79 (±7) years, 61% were women, 18% African–Americans, 25% had atrial fibrillation by admission electrocardiogram, 64% died within 4 years, and 8% were readmitted. Patients with atrial fibrillation had a 52% increased risk of 4-year mortality (adjusted HR=1.52; 95%CI=1.11–2.07). Atrial fibrillation was also associated with higher risk of readmission (unadjusted HR=1.64; 95%CI=1.01–2.68). However, the association lost its statistical significance after adjustment for various patient and care variables (adjusted HR=2.09; 95%CI=0.94–4.65). Conclusion: Presence of atrial fibrillation was associated with significant increased risk of long-term mortality in older adults hospitalized with heart failure and was associated with a non-significant higher risk of hospital readmission.

Keywords

Atrial fibrillation, electrocardiogram, heart failure