American Society for Cell Biology Conference
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Netrin-3 peptide, chemorepellents, growth inhibitors, Tetrahymena thermophila
The netrins are a family of signaling proteins expressed throughout the animal kingdom. Netrins play important roles in developmental processes such as axonal guidance and angiogenesis. Netrin-1, for example, can act as either a chemoattractant or a chemorepellent for axonal growth cones depending upon the concentration of the protein as well as the cell type. Netrin-1 acts as a growth factor in some cell types and is expressed by some tumor cells. Netrin-3 appears to share some signaling apparatus with netrin-1, but is less widely expressed, and its physiological roles are much less understood.
Tetrahymena thermophila are free-living, eukaryotic, ciliated protozoa used as a model system for studying chemorepellents and chemoattractants because their swimming behavior is readily observable under a microscope. We have previously found that netrin-1 peptide acts as a chemorepellent in Tetrahymena thermophila at concentrations ranging from micromolar to nanomolar. However, netrin-1 peptide does not affect growth in Tetrahymena at these concentrations. In our current study, we have found that related peptides, netrin-3 peptide (H-19 and C-19; Santa Cruz Biotechnology), act as chemorepellents in Tetrahymena thermophila at concentrations at or below 1 μg/ml. The same concentration of netrin-3 peptide reduces growth of Tetrahymena cultures by approximately 75%. We are currently conducting further studies to determine the mechanism through which these peptides are signaling.
Merical, Matthew S.; Ward, Kenneth W.; Parks, Lois; and Kuruvilla, Heather G., "Netrin-3 Peptide (C-19) is a Chemorepellent and a Growth Inhibitor in Tetrahymena thermophila" (2016). Science and Mathematics Faculty Presentations. 271.
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