Science and Mathematics Faculty Publications

Title

Registration of DT99-16864 Soybean Germplasm Line with Moderate Resistance to Charcoal Rot [Macrophomina phaseolina (Tassi) Goid.]

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

6-14-2016

Journal Title

Journal of Plant Registration

DOI

doi:10.3198/jpr2016.01.0002crg

Abstract

Charcoal rot, caused by Macrophomina phaseolina (Tassi) Goid., is a disease that is a worldwide problem in soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] production for which no highly resistant cultivars are currently available. It has been estimated that charcoal rot was among the most important diseases for suppressing yield of soybean in the USA from 1996 to 2007. Soybean breeding line DT99-16864 (Reg. No. GP-404, PI 675996), with moderate resistance to charcoal rot disease, was developed and released by the USDA-ARS, Stoneville, MS. DT99-16864 originated from a single F5 plant derived from a cross of ‘S59-60’ × ‘Bolivar’. The breeding population was advanced from the F2 to the F5 generation using the single-seed descent method. Colony-forming units, root and stem severity scores, and other rating methods indicated that DT99-16864 had significantly lower levels of M. phaseolina infection than susceptible checks in trials in Stoneville, MS, and Jackson, TN. In the Uniform Soybean Tests–Southern States, DT99-16864 was not significantly different from the check cultivars ’5002T’ and ’5601T’ for yield. DT99-16864 belongs to maturity group V and is later in maturity than DT97-4290, a moderately resistant charcoal rot line that is adapted to the midsouthern United States. The well-documented moderate resistance of DT99-16864 to M. phaseolina infestation, and good yield potential, will make this line useful for research and breeding.

Keywords

DT99-16864, soybeans