Development of an 18-item Abbreviated Chinese Version of Berger's HIV Stigma Scale
International journal of nursing practice
AIM: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) stigma in people living with HIV is associated with depression and poor treatment adherence. The current literature lacks a Chinese instrument to measure HIV stigma in Taiwan. Thus, the purpose of this study was to develop an abbreviated Chinese translation version of Berger's HIV Stigma Scale.
METHODS: The instrument development process was guided by Brislin's Translation Model of establishment of construct validity and convergent validity and verification of reliability.
RESULTS: This study recruited 540 HIV-infected adults (January-November 2015). Data analysis using confirmatory factor analysis resulted in an 18-item abbreviated Chinese version of Berger's HIV Stigma Scale, consisting with four factors: personalized stigma (seven items), disclosure concerns (three items), negative self-image (four items), and concerns with public attitudes toward people with HIV (four items). The final model demonstrated a good fit. A positive correlation between HIV stigma and depression was found. The Cronbach α for internal consistency was 0.92.
CONCLUSION: The 18-item abbreviated Chinese version of Berger's HIV Stigma Scale demonstrated adequate reliability and validity to assess HIV stigma among Chinese people living with HIV. It is a feasible tool that allows for rapid assessment of HIV-related stigma.
18-item abbreviated Chinese version of the Berger's HIV Stigma Scale, HIV stigma, Taiwan, confirmatory factor analysis, instrument development
Yu, Chia-Hui; Huang, Chu-Yu; Lee, Yuan-Ti; and Cheng, Su-Fen, "Development of an 18-item Abbreviated Chinese Version of Berger's HIV Stigma Scale" (2018). Nursing Faculty Publications. 92.