Nursing Faculty Publications

Title

Development of an 18-item Abbreviated Chinese Version of Berger's HIV Stigma Scale

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

11-6-2018

Journal Title

International journal of nursing practice

ISSN

1440-172X

First Page

12708

Last Page

12708

DOI

10.1111/ijn.12708

PubMed ID

30402922

Abstract

AIM: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) stigma in people living with HIV is associated with depression and poor treatment adherence. The current literature lacks a Chinese instrument to measure HIV stigma in Taiwan. Thus, the purpose of this study was to develop an abbreviated Chinese translation version of Berger's HIV Stigma Scale.

METHODS: The instrument development process was guided by Brislin's Translation Model of establishment of construct validity and convergent validity and verification of reliability.

RESULTS: This study recruited 540 HIV-infected adults (January-November 2015). Data analysis using confirmatory factor analysis resulted in an 18-item abbreviated Chinese version of Berger's HIV Stigma Scale, consisting with four factors: personalized stigma (seven items), disclosure concerns (three items), negative self-image (four items), and concerns with public attitudes toward people with HIV (four items). The final model demonstrated a good fit. A positive correlation between HIV stigma and depression was found. The Cronbach α for internal consistency was 0.92.

CONCLUSION: The 18-item abbreviated Chinese version of Berger's HIV Stigma Scale demonstrated adequate reliability and validity to assess HIV stigma among Chinese people living with HIV. It is a feasible tool that allows for rapid assessment of HIV-related stigma.

Keywords

18-item abbreviated Chinese version of the Berger's HIV Stigma Scale, HIV stigma, Taiwan, confirmatory factor analysis, instrument development

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