Master of Science in Nursing Theses

Date Degree Awarded


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Nursing (M.S.N.)



Committee Chair

Chu-Yu Huang, Ph.D., RN

Second Committee Member

Sharon K Christman, Ph.D.


Pro-life education, abortion in Nepal, abortion attitude scale, Cognitive Dissonance Theory (CDT), Nepali college students, Voice of Fetus (VOF)


Since the legalization of abortion in Nepal in 2002, the number of induced abortions has increased. Various national and international organizations have been giving greater attention and effort to enhancing the public’s knowledge on legal abortion. However, little research on pro-life education and its impact on abortion attitude have been conducted in Nepal and around the world at large. The purpose of this research was to explore the impact of pro-life education on abortion attitude among college students in Nepal.

This one group pretest posttest study was based on the cognitive dissonance theory (CDT) which postulates that education brings attitude change. The study was conducted in Kathmandu, Nepal from December 18th - 24th, 2012. The research participants consisted of 145 Nepali college students aged 18 years and above from three colleges in Kathmandu city.

Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the demographic characteristics of the participants. The results of paired t test showed that there was a significant difference (t= -14.63, df= 144, p=0.000, α=0.05) between the pre-test (x̅=2.91, SD ±.27) and the post-test (x= 3.22, SD± .24) after pro-life education.

This study supports the hypothesis that pro-life education brings change in abortion attitude. In addition, this study supports the application of CDT on pro-life education. Further research is recommended concerning 1) the impact of pro-life education on abortion attitude and behavior change among various population groups, 2) concept analysis on the term “pro-life” and 3) testing of pro-life attitude scale that was developed for this study is recommended. The result of this study encourages health care providers and pro-life organizations to continue pro-life education with the hope of reducing the number of abortions worldwide.


© 2016 Maya Shrestha Bhattarai. All rights reserved.



Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License.

Catalog Record



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.