Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Publications

Title

Proteomic Analysis of Protein Expression Changes in a Model of Gliomagenesis

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

11-1-2007

Journal Title

Proteomics Clinical Applications

ISSN

1862-8346

Volume

1

Issue

11

First Page

1485

Last Page

1498

DOI

10.1002/prca.200700292

PubMed ID

21136645

Abstract

Loss of p53 function is a common event in a variety of human cancers including tumors of glial origin. Using an in vitro mouse model of malignant astrocyte transformation, three cleavable isotope coded affinity tag (cICAT) experiments were performed comparing cultured wild-type astrocytes and two p53(-/-) astrocyte cultures before and after malignant transformation. We identified and quantitated an average of 1366 proteins per experiment and demonstrated that the protein quantitation ratios in each individual cICAT experiment correlated well to ratios determined in the other two studies. These data were further supported by microarray analysis which also correlated to changes in protein expression. The results showed significant changes in protein expression in association with malignant transformation. Proteins overexpressed in malignant astrocytes were typically involved in ribosome biogenesis/protein synthesis and DNA replication, while underexpressed proteins were generally associated with the regulation of cell cycle checkpoint control, tumor suppression, and apoptosis. Among the significantly up-regulated proteins and transcripts in malignant mouse astrocytes were members of the minichromosome maintenance (MCM) family. Western blot analysis verified increased expression of MCM proteins in malignant human astrocytoma cell lines, which had not previously been described. These results demonstrate the usefulness of the cICAT approach for comparing differences in protein expression profiles between normal and malignant cells.

Keywords

Proteomics, protein, expression, gliomagenesis

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