Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Publications

Title

Quantitative Profiling of the Detergent-Resistant Membrane Proteome of Iota-B Toxin Induced Vero Cells

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

3-1-2005

Journal Title

Journal of Proteome Research

ISSN

1535-3893

Volume

4

Issue

2

First Page

523

Last Page

531

DOI

10.1021/pr049790s

PubMed ID

15822930

Abstract

Enzyme-mediated 18O/16O differential labeling of proteome samples often suffers from incomplete exchange of the carboxy-terminus oxygen atoms, resulting in ambiguity in the measurable abundance differences. In this study, an 18O/16O labeling strategy was optimized for and applied to the solution-based comparative analysis of the detergent-resistant membrane proteome (DRMP) of untreated and Iota-b (Ib)-induced Vero cells. Solubilization and tryptic digestion of the DRMP was conducted in a buffer containing 60% methanol. Unfortunately, the activity of trypsin is attenuated at this methanol concentration hampering the ability to obtain complete oxygen atom turnover. Therefore, the incorporation of the 18O atoms was decoupled from the protein digestion step by carrying out the trypsin-mediated heavy atom incorporation in a buffer containing 20% methanol; a concentration at which trypsin activity is enhanced compared to purely aqueous conditions. After isotopic labeling, the samples were combined, fractionated by strong cation exchange and analyzed by microcapillary reversed-phase liquid chromatography coupled on-line with electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry. In total, over 1400 unique peptides, corresponding to almost 600 proteins, were identified and quantitated, including all known caveolar and lipid raft marker proteins. The quantitative profiling of Ib-induced DRMP from Vero cells revealed several proteins with altered expression levels suggesting their possible role in Ib binding/uptake.

Keywords

ADP ribose transferases, amino acid sequence, bacterial toxins, chlorocebus aethiops, detergents, membrane proteins, proteome, vero cells

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