Document Type

Poster Session

Publication Date



Childbirth, labor


There are 267 births each minute throughout the world, employing one of two different pushing methods: delayed and spontaneous (withhold pushing after full dilation until irresistible urge); and immediate (push as soon as completely dilated). There are inconsistencies and gaps in research regarding the two methods of pushing in terms of maternal and fetal outcomes.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License.



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