Phillip Thornton, R.Ph., Ph.D.; Zachary Jenkins, Pharm.D.
Education, interprofessional, pharmacy, nursing, medicine, healthcare, clinical, patient care, social work, students
Background: “Interprofessional education (IPE) is defined as the process by which individuals from two or more health professions learn with, from, and about each other across the spectrum of their education to improve collaboration, practice, and the quality of health care.”  Interprofessional Education has recently gained interest as an important aspect of training in healthcare professions, attracting the attention and support of several key pharmacy organizations. Various models of IPE have been implemented to facilitate collaboration among medical, nursing, pharmacy, and social work students and professionals. One model found to be particularly effective among pharmacy students is a mock clinical scenario, requiring interprofessional collaboration in order to yield the best care for the patient.
Objectives: Therefore, the aim of this project is to utilize mock clinical scenarios to improve interprofessional knowledge, collaboration, student attitudes, and behaviors among Cedarville pharmacy, nursing, and social work students and Wright State medical students. The long term goal is to integrate this clinical scenario model, if proven effective, into the interprofessional curriculums of emerging health science centers.
Methodology: The study will conduct mock clinical scenarios among pharmacy, nursing, social work, and medical students. The participants will complete a survey prior to the event regarding interprofessional behaviors and attitudes. The volunteers will then complete the scenario in intraprofessional groups. Following the intraprofessional session another survey will be taken to determine any changes in attitudes and behaviors. The subjects will then complete the scenario again in interprofessional groups. Following the interprofessional session a final survey will be administered to further measure change in attitudes and behaviors. Both sessions will be 20 minutes, and participants will be given 5 minutes to complete each survey.
Analysis: Analysis will be conducted with the Kruskall-Wallis test to find change in attitudes among the students among the different majors. Also, the Wilcoxon signed-rank test will determine changes within each group since normal distribution will not be assumed.
Peterson, Ashley; Pelyhes, Mike; Cummings, Laura; Thornton, Phillip L.; and Jenkins, Zachary N., "Effectiveness of Clinical Scenarios in Improving Student Interprofessional Skills and Attitudes" (2013). Pharmacy and Nursing Student Research and Evidence-Based Medicine Poster Session. 48.
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