Pharmacy Practice Faculty Presentations

Evaluation of Student Self-Care Confidence in Two Team-based Learning Formats

Abby L. Todt, Manchester University
Mary E. Kiersma, Manchester University
Tracy R. Frame, Cedarville University
Aleda M.H. Chen, Cedarville University
Rebecca J. Gryka, Cedarville University
Stephanie M. Cailor, Cedarville University


Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate student perceptions and confidence of self-care concepts using a team-based learning (TBL) format at 2 universities.

Methods: TBL has been increasingly utilized in higher education because active learning aids in promoting self-directed learning and adaptability in problem-solving situations while improving student performance and increasing active learning time. A 32-item instrument was administered at the beginning and conclusion of a self-care course at 2 universities. The instrument examined student perceptions of self-care utilizing the theory of planned behavior (TPB) domains of perceived behavioral control, subjective norm, and attitude (13 questions, 7-point, Likert-type, [1 = strongly agree; 7 = strongly disagree]), and confidence in learning self-care concepts using Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory (19 questions, 5-point, Likert-type, “not at all confident” to “extremely confident”). Pre- and post-assessments were evaluated using paired t tests and differences between universities using independent t tests since the data were normally distributed. Instrument reliability was measured using Cronbach alpha.

Results: A total of 117 students were assigned to TBL teams. Cedarville (N = 53, 100% response) and Manchester (N = 58, 92% response) students completed both instruments. Student self-care perceptions with TPB improved significantly on 8 of 13 questions for Cedarville (P0.8, respectively).

Conclusion: Data indicate TBL was effective in improving student confidence in self-care concepts. Since pharmacists must utilize self-directed learning to continually expand their knowledge of pharmacy and be adaptable in problem-solving situations, it is important to establish these skill sets prior to entering the profession.