Pharmacotherapy: The Journal of Human Pharmacology and Drug Therapy
Culture influences patients' beliefs and behaviors toward health and illness. As the U.S. population becomes more diverse, a critical need exists for pharmacy education to incorporate patient-centered culturally sensitive health care knowledge and skills into the curriculum. Nursing was the first profession to incorporate this type of learning and training into its curriculums, followed by medicine. Pharmacy has also made great progress to revise curriculums, but inconsistency exists in depth, breadth, and methods across pharmacy colleges. This article addresses important aspects of pharmacy education such as curriculum development, incorporation of educational innovations and techniques into the teaching of patient-centered culturally sensitive health care across the curriculum from didactic to experiential learning, assessment tools, and global education. A preliminary model curriculum with objectives and examples of teaching methods is proposed. Future directions in pharmacy education, teaching and learning scholarship, postgraduate education, licensure, and continuing education are also presented.
Assessment, cultural competency, cultural sensitivity, curriculum, pharmacy education, cultural, educational measurement, health knowledge, attitudes, practice, humans, patient-centered care, schools, pharmacy, teaching, United States
O'Connell, Mary Beth; de Bittner, Magaly Rodriguez; Poirier, Therese; Karaoui, Lamis R.; Echeverri, Margarita; Chen, Aleda M.H.; Lee, Shin-Yu; Vyas, Deepti; O’Neil, Christine K.; and Jackson, Anita N., "American College of Clinical Pharmacy White Paper: Cultural Competency in Health Care and Its Implications for Pharmacy Part 3A: Emphasis on Pharmacy Education, Curriculums, and Future Directions" (2013). Pharmacy Practice Faculty Publications. 106.