The Role of Health Literacy, Depression, Disease Knowledge, and Self-Efficacy in Self-Care Among Adults with Heart Failure: An Updated Model
Heart & Lung
BACKGROUND: Patients with inadequate health literacy and heart failure face high healthcare costs, more hospitalizations, and greater mortality. To address these negative consequences, patients need to improve heart failure self-care. Multiple factors may influence self-care, but the exact model by which they do so is not fully understood.
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to examine a model exploring the contribution of health literacy, depression, disease knowledge, and self-efficacy to the performance of heart failure self-care.
METHODS: Using a cross-sectional design, patients were recruited from a heart failure clinic and completed validated assessments of their cognition, health literacy, depression, knowledge, self-efficacy and self-care. Patients were separated into two groups according to their health literacy level: inadequate/marginal and adequate. Differences between groups were assessed with an independent t-test. Hypothesized paths and mediated relationships were estimated and tested using observed variable path analysis.
RESULTS: Participants (n = 100) were mainly male (67%), white (93%), and at least had a high school education (85%). Health literacy was associated with disease knowledge (path coefficient=0.346, p = 0.002), depression was negatively associated with self-efficacy (path coefficient=-0.211, p = 0.037), self-efficacy was positively associated with self-care (path coefficient=0.402, p
CONCLUSIONS: Self-efficacy and depression are associated with heart failure self-care. Data generated from the model suggest that healthcare professionals should actively engage all patients to gain self-efficacy and address depression to positively affect heart failure self-care.
Health literacy, heart failure, congestive, self-care, self-efficacy
Chen, Aleda; Yehle, Karen S.; Plake, Kimberly S.; Rathman, Lisa D.; Heinle, J. Wes; Frase, Robert T.; Anderson, James G.; and Bentley, John, "The Role of Health Literacy, Depression, Disease Knowledge, and Self-Efficacy in Self-Care Among Adults with Heart Failure: An Updated Model" (2020). Pharmacy Practice Faculty Publications. 411.