Title

Effectiveness of Clinical Scenarios in Improving Student Interprofessional Skills and Attitudes

Type of Submission

Poster

Keywords

Student, pharmacy, nursing, social work, medical, interprofessional, education, interprofessional education, health science, IPE

Abstract

Background

“Interprofessional education (IPE) is defined as the process by which individuals from two or more health professions learn with, from, and about each other across the spectrum of their education to improve collaboration, practice, and the quality of health care.” [1] Interprofessional education has recently gained interest as an important aspect of training in healthcare professions, attracting the attention and support of several key pharmacy organizations. Various models of IPE have been implemented to facilitate collaboration among health care students and professionals. One model found to be particularly effective among pharmacy students is a mock clinical scenario, requiring interprofessional collaboration in order to yield the best care for the patient.

Objectives

The aim of this project is to utilize mock clinical scenarios to improve interprofessional knowledge, collaboration, student attitudes, and behaviors among Cedarville pharmacy, nursing, and social work students and Wright State medical students. The long term goal is to integrate this clinical scenario model, if proven effective, into the professional curricula of emerging health science centers.

Methodology

The intervention of this study is a mock clinical scenario for pharmacy, nursing, social work, and medical students. The participants will complete an initial survey to assess baseline interprofessional behaviors and attitudes. The students will then discuss the scenario in intraprofessional groups and determine a plan of action. Following the intraprofessional session an interim survey will be taken to determine any changes in attitudes and behaviors. The subjects will then repeat the activity in interprofessional groups and determine a course of action. Following the interprofessional session a final survey will be administered to measure further change in attitudes and behaviors. Each session will be 20 minutes, and participants will be given 5 minutes to complete each survey.

Analysis

Analysis will be conducted with the Kruskall-Wallis test to find change in attitudes among the students among the different majors. Also, the Wilcoxon signed-rank test will determine changes within each group since normal distribution will not be assumed.

Faculty Sponsor or Advisor’s Name

Dr. Phillip Thornton, Dr. Zachary Jenkins

Campus Venue

Stevens Student Center

Location

Cedarville, OH

Start Date

4-16-2014 11:00 AM

End Date

4-16-2014 2:00 PM

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

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Apr 16th, 11:00 AM Apr 16th, 2:00 PM

Effectiveness of Clinical Scenarios in Improving Student Interprofessional Skills and Attitudes

Cedarville, OH

Background

“Interprofessional education (IPE) is defined as the process by which individuals from two or more health professions learn with, from, and about each other across the spectrum of their education to improve collaboration, practice, and the quality of health care.” [1] Interprofessional education has recently gained interest as an important aspect of training in healthcare professions, attracting the attention and support of several key pharmacy organizations. Various models of IPE have been implemented to facilitate collaboration among health care students and professionals. One model found to be particularly effective among pharmacy students is a mock clinical scenario, requiring interprofessional collaboration in order to yield the best care for the patient.

Objectives

The aim of this project is to utilize mock clinical scenarios to improve interprofessional knowledge, collaboration, student attitudes, and behaviors among Cedarville pharmacy, nursing, and social work students and Wright State medical students. The long term goal is to integrate this clinical scenario model, if proven effective, into the professional curricula of emerging health science centers.

Methodology

The intervention of this study is a mock clinical scenario for pharmacy, nursing, social work, and medical students. The participants will complete an initial survey to assess baseline interprofessional behaviors and attitudes. The students will then discuss the scenario in intraprofessional groups and determine a plan of action. Following the intraprofessional session an interim survey will be taken to determine any changes in attitudes and behaviors. The subjects will then repeat the activity in interprofessional groups and determine a course of action. Following the interprofessional session a final survey will be administered to measure further change in attitudes and behaviors. Each session will be 20 minutes, and participants will be given 5 minutes to complete each survey.

Analysis

Analysis will be conducted with the Kruskall-Wallis test to find change in attitudes among the students among the different majors. Also, the Wilcoxon signed-rank test will determine changes within each group since normal distribution will not be assumed.