Palliative care, pharmacotherapy


When ethical conflicts arise in clinical cases, physicians may need specific guidelines to help justify the decisions they make for the best interest of their patients. One such guideline is the principle of double effect (PDE), employed in terminally ill patients. Palliative care physicians look to the PDE when a single action for a terminal patient has two known effects: a desired and intended result and an unintended, yet foreseeable one.



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