The "blotting out" of Gen. 6:7, 7:4, and 7:23 and the "bursting open" of the "fountains of the great deep" were examined to determine what constraints these passages place on Flood models. The use of maha (translated "blot out") throughout Scripture, and the theology of the blotting out of sin argue rather strongly against maha meaning the complete obliteration of something without evidence. The bulk of evidence in both theological and non-theological occurrences of the word favors a removal of something or someone, many times with evidence remaining. This suggests that Flood models that argue for the complete obliteration of pre-Flood terrestrial organisms (even of their fossils) should be appropriately revised.

baqa' (translated "break up" in Gen. 7: 11) is best translated "burst open" and implies that a catastrophic bursting initiated the Flood. ma'yan (translated "fountain") means "place of the spring". Biblical usage indicates it refers to both terrestrial and oceanic springs. t ehom (translated "deep") and t ehom rabba (translated "great deep") each may refer to both oceanic and terrestrial waters. Since all the fountains of the great deep were involved, the Flood was initiated by the bursting open of both terrestrial and oceanic springs. Flood models which argue for the bursting of either only terrestrial or only oceanic springs should be appropriately revised.


Flood model, Flood, Genesis 6:7, Genesis 7:4, Genesis 7:23, maha, blot out, Genesis 7:11, Genesis 82, baqa', burst open, ma'yan, t eh6m rabba, fountains of the great deep, springs, terrestrial, oceanic


DigitalCommons@Cedarville provides a publication platform for fully open access journals, which means that all articles are available on the Internet to all users immediately upon publication. However, the opinions and sentiments expressed by the authors of articles published in our journals do not necessarily indicate the endorsement or reflect the views of DigitalCommons@Cedarville, the Centennial Library, or Cedarville University and its employees. The authors are solely responsible for the content of their work. Please address questions to dc@cedarville.edu.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.