Addresses of All Authors

Jean K. Lightner, Liberty University, 1971 University Blvd, Lynchburg, VA 24515

Kevin Anderson, Creation Research Society, 6801 N Hwy 89, Chino Valley, AZ 86323-9186

Author's Biography

Dr. Lightner has participated in creation research, especially as it relates to vertebrates, for well over a decade. She has published in numerous creation publications, both at the technical and lay-level. In 2009 she joined the Board of Directors of Creation Research Society (CRS). In 2016 she helped launch the CRS eKINDS (examination of Kinds In Natural Diversification and Speciation) project to help bring together researchers to address many of the outstanding questions about diversification and speciation in the post-Flood world.

Dr. Anderson holds a Ph.D. in microbiology and was an N.I.H. post-doctorial fellow. He has held university professorships as well as serving as director of laboratory research for a biotech company. He has numerous technical publications and has presented at both national and international science conferences. He is currently the Director of the Van Andel Creation Research Center, and the co-director of the Creation Research Society’s eKINDS project.


The eKINDS research initiative began in 2016 in an effort to accelerate research on numerous outstanding questions related the diversification and speciation of plants and animals. The research encompasses three broad topics: a) identification of created kinds, b) identification of mechanisms that drive diversification and speciation within created kinds, and c) detailed analysis of individual created kinds in an attempt to propose a robust natural history that delineates key events as organisms reproduced and filled the earth following the time of the Flood.

As part of the eKINDS project, a new statistical tool is being developed to take advantage of the steadily increasing pools of molecular data. It compares expressed proteins, which typically cluster organisms into discreet groups, suggesting that members of a group may belong to a single kind. This method has been applied to insects and fungi. Additionally, analysis has begun on primates and other vertebrates. There are plans to use it on more taxa as proteomic data accumulates.

The eKINDS project is also investigating the possibility that designed mechanisms exist for the generation of adaptive alleles. Some work has been done to explore the significance of founding events in post-Flood diversification and speciation. Other mechanisms are slated to be explored as well. Several avian kinds are being investigated in an attempt to piece together key aspects of their natural history. Our hope is that, by God’s grace, more researchers will be mobilized to address these critical questions so we, as believers, can make substantial contributions to science and demonstrate the robustness of the biblical creation model.




Speciation, diversification, adaptation, evolution, post-Flood, baraminology, mutation, eKINDS




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