Addresses of All Authors

Irving, TX 75063 USA

Author's Biography

Wayne Spencer has a Master’s degree in Physics from Wichita State University in Wichita, KS. Wayne is a former science teacher and is now works for a software company in Dallas, TX. Wayne has published technical articles in various creation publications, such as the Journal of Creation and the Creation Research Society Quarterly. Creation subjects addressed primarily relate to impact cratering, planet formation, the age of our solar system, and extrasolar planets. Wayne maintains the creationanswers.net website.


Two new models to explain the origin and history of our solar system are reviewed from a creation perspective, the Grand Tack model and the Nice model. These new theories propose that the four outer planets formed closer to the Sun, as well as closer together, than today. Then their orbits underwent periods of migration. Theories developed in the research on extrasolar planet systems are today being applied to our own solar system. The new migration models are finding much support from the planetary science community. These new models are summarized and evaluated Biblically and scientifically. Rather than demonstrating how our solar system formed, the new migration models can be understood as supporting the intelligent design of our solar system.


Astrophysics and Astronomy | The Sun and the Solar System


Solar system, migration, Grand Tack, Nice Model, planets




DigitalCommons@Cedarville provides a publication platform for fully open access journals, which means that all articles are available on the Internet to all users immediately upon publication. However, the opinions and sentiments expressed by the authors of articles published in our journals do not necessarily indicate the endorsement or reflect the views of DigitalCommons@Cedarville, the Centennial Library, or Cedarville University and its employees. The authors are solely responsible for the content of their work. Please address questions to dc@cedarville.edu.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.