Addresses of All Authors

Core Academy of Science, P.O. Box 1076, Dayton, TN 37321

Author's Biography

C. Thompson is a student intern at Core Academy of Science.

Todd Charles Wood is the president of Core Academy of Science. He holds a Ph.D. in biochemistry and has done postdoctoral work in genomics. His research interests include created kinds and comparative biology.


To expand the sample of statistical baraminology studies, we identified 80 datasets sampled from 29 mammalian orders, from which we performed 82 separate analyses. We analyzed each dataset with standard statistical baraminology techniques: baraminic distance correlation (BDC) and multidimensional scaling (MDS). We evaluated the BDC and MDS results from each character set for potential continuity and discontinuity. We found evidence of holobaramins in 57 of the 82 analyses (69.5%). Of the remaining character sets, three showed evidence of monobaramins and 22 (26.8%) were inconclusive. These results are consistent with previous efforts to test the discontinuity hypothesis, which found that a majority of character sets showed evidence of holobaramins. Tentative holobaramins represent 57 taxonomic groups, many of which have not been previously analyzed by statistical baraminology. Together with previously identified holobaramins, this study increases the number of putative mammal holobaramins to 64.


Baramin, created kind, baraminology, mammal, Cenozoic, post-Flood, baraminic distance correlation (BDC), multidimensional scaling (MDS)




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