Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Publications

Title

Proteomic Analysis of Extracellular Matrix and Vesicles

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2-15-2009

Journal Title

Journal of Proteomics

ISSN

1874-3919

Volume

72

Issue

1

First Page

34

Last Page

45

PubMed ID

19068243

PubMed Central® ID

10.1016/j.jprot.2008.11.011

Abstract

The extracellular matrix (ECM) is the connective tissue component generated and secreted by cells to provide structural and functional support, while extracellular vesicles are distinct membrane-enclosed structures present outside of eucaryotic cells that carry out distinct biological functions. Different cell types release distinct populations of vesicles that fulfill various functions. Exosomes are vesicles commonly secreted by a variety of cells, whereas matrix vesicles (MVs) are specifically produced and secreted by bone cells to facilitate the formation of the ECM. This article focuses on the characteristics of the ECM and extracellular vesicles, and reviews the latest progress in applying proteomic technologies to analyze these features. The findings and implications in developmental biology, tumor biology, immunology, biomarker discovery, and vaccine research are also discussed.

Keywords

Biomarkers, tumor, exocytosis, extracellular matrix, extracellular matrix proteins, glycoproteins, proteome, secretory vesicles

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